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减少核心机房UPS事故需要注意的哪些问题?

时间:2012-06-12 23:17来源:原创 作者:zx 点击:

 

   1、零线问题

  lingxianwentishiweihuzhonghenrongyihushideyigewenti,youkenengdaozhiyanzhongshigu,jieheyigeanlishuomingciwenti。

  yigewurenzhishouguankoujuzaimouxieziloubalou,yilouyingyetingcongbalouguankoujujiaoliupeidianjuyindian,ups yecongjiaoliupeidianjuyindian,ups shuchudaoyigeups peidianxiangzaijiyixiejifei、wangguandengshebeigongdian。guzhangxianxiangshidongjiups lianxujitianwanshang12dianzuoyouduandian,ups xianshi“shuchuduanlu”,fuzaidiaodian,daoxianchangzhongqiups houhuifuzhengchang。zuihoufaxianshiyixia2geyuanyin:yishiyilouyingyetingmenweiwanshangyongjigedanxiangdiannuanqi,bingqiejiedaoletongyixiangjiaoliudianshang,daozhisanxiangbupingheng,youyulingxiandianliushisanxiangdianliudeshilianghe,bupinghengdaozhilingxiandianliuguoda。

  congzhujiaoliupeidianjucelingxiandianliu,baitianhenzhengchang,wanshangyongdiannuanqishiceyue20a。ershiups peidianxiangdelingxianpaishangjigeshebeidelingxianluosisongdong。lingxianxujiezaijiashanglingxiandianliuguodadaozhidahuo,ups panduanwei“shuchuduanlu”congerdangji。jingulingxian,chaichudiannuanqihouguzhangpaichu。suoyizaiweihuzhongyaotebiezhuyilingxiandejiancha,congups shuchudaoyongdianfuzaidezhenggegongdianlujingshangdelingxiandouyaodingqijianchajingu。

  2、UPS 的接地问题

阳光在线官网  ups dejiediyeshiyigebijiaorongyibeihulvedewenti。

  dangups defuzaibuduicheng,huoups daiyoufeixianxingfuzaishi,zhongxingxianzhongjiuhuiyoudianliuliuguo,zaizhongxingxianshangchanshengyajiangyinqizhongxianhedixianzhijiandedianyachatongchangchengwei“lingdidianya”。zhongxingxiandianliuyueda、fuzaijuliyueyuan、zhongxingxiandaoxianjiemianyuexiao,ze“lingdidianya”jiuyueda。youxielingminfuzaidui“lingdidianya”yaoqiuhengao,liru“lingdidianya”dayu1v,youxiefuwuqijiubunengzhengchanggongzuo。

  zheishiyinweiyibanhexinjifangjiedixitongdoushiups shuchuzhongxingxianhefuzaizhongxingxiangudingjiedaoshidiandianyuandezhongxingxianshang,shidiandianyuandezhongxingxianzaidiyajinxianjuzhonglianjiedaojiedijishang,ups shuchuhefuzaidezhongxingxianyushidiandezhongxingxianmeiyourenhedegeli。hexinjifangzhongjiaoliudianlanhenduo,meiyigendianlandouhanyoudaliangdedianciganrao,suoyoudezheixiedianlanbeikunzhazaiyiqizouzhangxian,shidezheixiegaopinganraohuxiangchuanrao,gaopinganraodianliuzailingxian、dixianshangliuguodailailelingdizhijiandeyajiang。

阳光在线官网  jiejuedebanfayishijiangups dehuoxianhelingxian、dixianfenkaizouxian,liangzhedejuliyinggaibaozhengzai20 cmyishang,qitadonglidianlanyeyuanliups lingxian。ruguoshigongxianchangtiaojianbuyunxu,lingxianhedixianyaoyongkaizhuangpingbidianlan。danzheizhongfangfazhibiaobuzhiben,jifangneishebeibianhua,dianciganraohuanjingyesuizhigaibian,lingdidianyayehuigaibian,bunengchedijiejuewenti。ershizaiups fuzaiduanjiagelibianyaqi,bingjianggelihoudelingxianjiedi,keyibaozhengfuzaidelingdidianyaqujinyuling,jiejue“lingdidianya”wentixiaoguozuihao。

  3、UPS蓄电池问题

  ups xudianchishiyigerongyichuwentidehuanjie,youupsxudianchiyinfadeshiguzhanupszongshigujiaodabizhong。zheishiyinweiupsxudianchiyibanshi12vxudianchi,neibushijishangshi6zhi2vxudianchichuanlianhanjiegoucheng,zhizuonanduda,erqiebanzha,lianjietiaobijiaobo,zhiyaoyigebanzhachuxianwenti,zhengzhiups dianchijiuyouwenti,guzhanglvyuanyuangaoyu2vxudianchi,suoyizaianzhuangweihuzhongyaozhuyiyixiajigewenti。

阳光在线官网  (1)upsxudianchizuihaoyongxudianchijiaanzhuang,buyaoyongxudianchiju。yishibianyutongfengsanre,ups xudianchiduiwendufeichangmingan,zuijiahuanjingwendushi20 ~25℃,wendumeishenggao10℃,xudianchideshoumingjiuhuijiangdiyibei。upsxudianchichongfangdianguochengzhonghuishifangdaliangreneng,reliangsanbuchuqu,zhijieyingxiangdianchirongliangyushouming。ershibianyuweihuceliang。yongxudianchijuanzhuang,ruguokongjiantaixiao,xunjianshicaozuorenyuankenenghuiyinweicaozuobubian,huoshixianwentidaozhicaozuogongjuduanluhuojianchabuzixihulvebenyingfaxiandeguzhangyinhuan。youzheiyangyigeanli:zhucongrebeifenups xitong,mifengxudianchiju(youtongfengkong),luosigudingdemianbanchaixiebubian,yongluosidaochaicainengdakai。yicixunjianfaxianbeijiups dexudianchizuzhongdicengjiaoluoliyouliangzhixudianchilianjiexiansongdong,bingqielouye。ups xudianchishidadianliufangdian,zheizhongqingkuangxiaruguoqiahaozhujiups guzhang,beijiups xudianchifangdiangongjifuzai,houguoyanzhong,youkenengzhehuoshenzhibaozha。

  (2)upsxudianchilianjiexianbuyaoyongkaikoutongbizi,yaoyongkongxingtongbizi,kaikoutongbiziburukongxingyajielaogu,rongyituoluo;lianjiexianyaoyongruantongxian,buyaoyongyingtongxian,yingtongxianyoushiyouyuchizhejing,dangshijingule,shijianzhanglehuisongdong,zaochengduanzichulianjiebuliang,zaiyidingdetiaojianxiakenengduanzichulahuhuoreliang*,zuizhongdaozhizhehuo;lianjiexianyaoyongzhangduyizhidetongyiguigedaoxian,fouzedianzubuyizhi,zhangqishiyong,huifashengchongdianshiyoudeups xudianchiyichongman,youdeups xudianchihaimeichongman,congerdaozhiyichongmandeups xudianchiguochong,shuifenconganquanfayichu,dianjieyenongdubianda,zhangshijianhuifushijiban,daozhixudianchiyizhixingbiancha。

  (3)youyuxudianchihenzhong,anzhuangshiyaoyongzhengquedefangfabanyunhediaozhuangxudianchi,bunengyonggouzihuoluosidaozhijiegouzhuxudianchiwailujizhubanxiexudianchi。jizhuyujibanshihanjiede,zheiyanghuilashangxudianchiduanzi,yanzhongshikenengdaozhizhehuo。lingwaixudianchizushangshuchudedianlan,buyaozhijiecongdianchiduanzilazhizhushebei,zhongjianxuyaoyoujiexianhehuozhuanjieduanzi,fouzexudianchiduanzishangzhangqichengshoulali,kenengpohuaixudianchineibudelianjie。

  4、UPS 电容爆炸问题

   (1)UPS 电容爆炸的原因

  ups dedianrongyibanshizhiqineibudezhiliulvbodianronghechunengdianrongjishurushuchujiaoliulvbodianrong。ups dianrongbaozhayibanshizhizhiliulvbodianronghechunengdianrong,tatongchangxuanyongrongliangjiaodadedianjiedianrong,dianrongbaozhayibanshiyinweinaiyawentizaochengde,qibenzhiyuanyinyouruxiaerge。

   (2)内部电介质绝缘强度下降导致电容击穿

阳光在线官网       dianrongbenshenzhiliangwenti。jinnianlai,yixiechangjiaweilejiangdichanpinshoujia,tigaochanpinzhongbiaodejingzhengli,xuanyongleshoumingjiaoduandezhiliulvbodianrong,zheiyeshidaozhimuqianfashengdianrongbaozhaguzhangdeshiliriyizengduodezhuyaoyuanyin。

       wendu。dianrongqideshiyongshoumingsuiwendudezengjiaerjianxiao,wendujiasujiezhiyudianjieyehuaxuefanyingshijiezhisuishijiantuihua,naiyazhixiajiang。lingwaiwengaohaihuidaozhiloudianliuzengda。zaizhiliuzhengxiangdianyashijiayudianrongqiyiduanshijianhourengyouyigeweixiaodianliuchixucongzhengdianjiliuxiangfudianji,zheigeweixiaodedianliujichengweiloudianliu。loudianliuyuexiaobiaomingdianjiezhizhizuodeyuejingliang,loudianliudetexingshisuizhewendudeshenggaoyuelaiyueda。weifangzhidianjieyezhengfa,dianrongyibancaiyongmifengjiegou,sanrexingjiaocha。ruguoreliangbunengjishipaichuqu,qijianneibuwendushangshenghuihenkuai,daozhiloudianliudejinyibuzengda;genjudianliurexiaoying,loudianliuzengdayouhuidaozhiwendushangsheng,reliangjileiexingxunhuan,shidianrongneibudianjieyefeitengheqihua,qiyaxunsuzengdadaowaiqiaowufachengshoushi,jiuhuibaozha。ruguofanghushejidebuhao,dianjieyepenjiandaodianlubanshang,jiancekongzhidianlushousunhaihuidaozhigengjiayanzhongdehouguo。

  dianrongwendugaodeyuanyinyishijifanghuanjingjiaocha,zhangqibuweihuzaochengups neibujichenguoduo,sanrebuliang。ershikongdiaosong/huifengtongdaoshejibuhao,ups zhouweihuanjingwendujiaogao。jiejuedefangfaweimeinianduiups zuoyicineibuchuchen;zuohaokongdiaosheji,bimianjubugaowen;caiyongyuanhongwaichengxiangyi、yuanhongwaicewenyidengjianceyiduilvbodianrongdeyichangwenshengjinxingjiance,jishigenghuanyouqianzaiguzhangyinhuandedianrong,fanghuanyuweiran。

  (3)外部电压超过电容的耐压值

  ups neibudechunengzhiliudianrongnaiyazhiyibanweizhiliu450~500v,yipowerware9150/930510kva upsweili,qineibuzhiliumuxiandianyawei400vdc,erzhiliudianjiedianrongdenaiyazhishi450vdc。ups zhongdexiangkongzhengliuqikongzhizheshuchuzhiliudianyadegaodi,upsshiyongnianxianyuezhang,xiangkongzhengliuqidianluqijiancanshuyuelaohua,zaochengups neibudezhiliu400vdianyabuzaiwending。shidianbodongshi,huizaochengups neibu400vzhiliudianyabodong,bodongdedianyafuzhihenkenenghuichaoguo450v,zaochengzhiliudianjiedianrongguoya,zaijiashangdianrongzhangqishiyongnaiyaxingnengxiajiang,jiuhuifashengbaolie。jiejuedefangfashixuanyongdapinpaiups shebei,bahaochanpinzhiliangguan;daodabaofeinianxiandeups jianjuebaofei(yibanups shoumingshi5 ~7nian,jianyi5nianbaofei);shiyongchaoguo3 niandeups yaodingqijianchaneibudedianrong,kankanyoumeiyoulouye、gubao,rongliangshibushiyijingxiajiangdaoqirongliangwuchaxiaxiandeng,zheixieshibaozhadeqianzhao。

  (4) UPS 电容爆炸的几种可能现象及分析

  lilunshang,bingjixitongzhongyitaiups guzhang,guzhangups yingzidongtuichuxitong,qitazhengchanggongzuo,danxianshizhongdianrongbaozhashiquebuyidingshizheiyang。tongjiziliaoxianshiyidanfashengdianrongbaozhaguzhang,90%yishangdejilvhuidaozhibingjixitongchuxianshuchutingdianhuoshanduanguzhang(zhongduanshijiandayu8~20ms ),congerdaozhifuzaitanhuanjishifenzhongshenzhijixiaoshi。

阳光在线官网    chulefashengdianrongbaozhadeneitaiups danjichuyunibianqizidongguanjizhuangtaizhiwai,qiyugetaiups sihudouchuyu“zhengchangde”nibianqidianyuangongdianzhuangtai。zheishiyinweibingjiups xitongzhongyitaishebeinibianqifashengguzhangdaozhixitongshuchudianyabodong,huoshishuchujiaoliudianyazhonghanyouhengaodezhiliuchengfendianya,huoshiladilexitongshuchudianya,congeryingxiangdaofuzai。

   chulefashengdianrongbaozhadeneitaiups danjichuyunibianqizidongguanjizhuangtai,qitaups deshurukaiguanhuoups bingjixitongdezongshurukaiguantiaozha,ups chuyudianchizutigongnengliangdenibianqigongdianzhuangtai。zheizhongqingkuangzhuyaoyuanyinshidianrongbaozhadeups denibianqifashengleneibuduanluguzhang,youyunibianqibinglian,daozhiqitaups nibianqishuchushunjianduanlu,shuchudianliushunjianzengda,erzheixiedianliubushigongjifuzai,ershigongjineibuduanludeups,congerzaochengzhengchangdeups shunjianguozai,jinerdaozhixiangguanshurukaiguantiaozha。

  n+1 ”ups bingjixitongzhonggetaiups deshuru、shuchupeidianjuzhongdekaiguandoupeizhiweiduanluqikaiguan。yitaiups delvbodianrongbaozha,qiyuups deshuru、shuchukaiguanquandoutiaozha。zheishiyinweijiaoliushurulvbodianrongbaozhazaochengshidianxiaofanweigongdianhuanjingehua。ups douyoushurulvboqi,gailvboqidouyoudianganxianquan,shurushidianzaishunshifashengtubian,xiangdangyuganxingfuzailiangduandianyatubian,congerchanshengfanxiangdiandongshi,chongjixiangguandeduanluqi,duanluqidouyouguoyabaohuheguoliubaohugongneng,kaiguanquandoutiaozha。

阳光在线官网  bingjixitongzhongchulefashengdianrongbaozhadeneitaiups nibianqizidongguanji,qiyuups junchuyu“zhengchangde”nibianqigongdianzhuangtai,fuzaizhengchanggongzuodeqingkuang。zheizhongjiaoxingqingkuangbuhuichaoguo10 %,yibanshijiaoliushurudianrongbaozhahuozhezhiliudianjiedianrongbaozhameiyouyingxiangdaojiancekongzhidianlu。

  5、结束语

  hexinjifangups weihunanduda,guzhanglvgao,fashengshiguyingxiangda。weilejianshaohexinjifangups shigu,xuyaoshenrufenxiqifashengshigudegezhongkenengyuanyin,zuohaojichuweihugongzuo,jiangshiguyinhuanxiaochuzaimengyazhuangtai。

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